Creating and Maintaining Home Networks

  arp -an
  arp -an | grep ":" | grep -v ff:ff:ff | grep -v "(169" | grep -v "(224" | grep -v "(239" | awk -F' ' '{print $2 "\t " $4}' | uniq
  netstat -rn
  netstat -rn | grep en
  snmptable -v 2c -c public ipNetToMedia
  What do you need

Setting up internet access at home typically involves a 
contract with an Internet Service Provider (IPS) -- The come
to your home 

Home Network Diagrams

MODEM A modem, usually provided by your Internet Service Provider (ISP) translates signals from your ISP via fiber, cable, phone line, or Antenna into digital signals using the internet protocol (IP). A modem will have a unique IPv4 address on the Internet. The current status of the modem lights helps the end user to know whether a connection is established, if the connection is active, or if the connection has dropped for some reason. One should download the Manual (PDF) for your Modem. Cable modems often use an internal IP Address Using your browser type: Example ROUTER A NAT router (sometimes referred to as a gateway) creates a local area network (LAN) of private IP addresses and interconnects that LAN to the wide area network (WAN) known as the Internet. The "Network Address Translation" (NAT) performed by the router allows multiple computers (machines) connected to the LAN behind the router to communicate with the external Internet. One should download the Manual (PDF) for your Router. MAINTENANCE OF ROUTERS (gateways) Find Your Router IP Address (all versions of Windows) Type from command line: ipconfig Example Find Your Router IP Address (Mac) Type from command line: route get default Example Using your browser type: http://Router IP Address Make sure your Router is up2date and using unique passwords. Recommended settings for Wi-Fi routers and access points