Privacy When Using the Internet
http://edu-observatory.org/olli/Privacy/index.html




THE PROBLEM - HARVESTING EVERYTHING ABOUT YOU (AND WHAT YOU DO)

  Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989. He
  is the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), a
  Web standards organization founded in 1994 which develops
  interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines,
  software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential.

  Quoting Tim Berners-Lee in 2017, "selling private citizens'
  browsing data is disgusting". We have become the product and
  not the customer. We are being stalked. There are dossiers
  on each of us--name, contact information, spending habits,
  income level, mortgages, and a whole lot more.

  Major harvestors of information include: Google, Facebook,
  Amazon, and the NSA. Most of that harvesting takes place by
  automatically running JavaScript downloaded from most
  websites.

  Fifteen (15) Ways Google Collects Your Private Info and Data
    https://www.quertime.com/article/15-ways-google-collects-your-private-info-and-data/
  How Does Google Analytics Collect Information?
    https://www.lunametrics.com/blog/2016/06/22/google-analytics-collects-information/
  Four (4) ways Google is destroying privacy and collecting 
  your data
    https://www.salon.com/2014/02/05/4_ways_google_is_destroying_privacy_and_collecting_your_data_partner/

  This class will help you regain some privacy and anonymity
  when using the internet.


USE A VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORK (VPN)

  A VPN secures your device's internet connection to guarantee
  that all data you are sending and receiving is encrypted and
  secure from prying eyes, even from your ISP. Iowa State
  requires its students to use a VPN. Couple of excellent VPN
  services: ExpressVPN, NordVPN. VPN Reviews from Top10VPN.


USE PUBLIC DNS SERVICE OPTIONS
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_recursive_name_server#List_of_public_DNS_service_operators
  https://pmurphs.com/2018/04/02/quad-9-9-9-9-9-vs-quad-1-1-1-1-1-dns/
  https://www.dnsperf.com/#!dns-resolvers
  
  A public Domain Name Server (DNS) is a name server that may
  be used in place of, or in addition to, name servers
  provided by a public (or your local) Internet Service
  Provider (ISP). Public name servers offer reliability,
  security, speed and privacy. Several services now support
  secure DNS lookup transport services such as DNS over TLS
  and DNS over HTTPS.
 
  
WHAT IS A BROWSER?

  A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a
  software application for accessing information on the World
  Wide Web. Each individual web page, image, and video is
  identified by a distinct URL, enabling browsers to retrieve
  and display them on the user's computer or mobile device.

  Examples of popular web browsers include Firefox, Safari,
  Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Edge.


USE A SECURE DEFAULT SEARCH ENGINE FOR YOUR BROWSER
  
  Switching to a more secure, privacy focused search engine is
  another way to maintain better privacy while browsing the
  web. Most of the popular search engines rely on selling
  users advertisements to make money. Search engines like
  Startpage, and DuckDuckGo are funded by donations and search
  related advertising, not by harvesting and selling your
  information

  DuckDuckGo does not track you
    https://DuckDuckGo.com 
  Use Google without being tracked
    https://www.startpage.com


INCREASING PRIVACY ON ANY BROWSER

  The easiest change to make is to start using private
  browser windows. When using a private browser window your
  browser will not save your browsing history and it prevents
  websites from tracking you.

  How to Always Start Any Browser in Private Browsing Mode
    https://www.howtogeek.com/137466/how-to-always-start-any-browser-in-private-browsing-mode/
  Turn Private Browsing on or off on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch
    https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT203036

  If browsing privately is not an option, some of the tracking
  can be mitigated by disabling cookies. Cookies are little
  pieces of data that most websites use to store information
  on your browsing activity. Simply go into the browsers
  settings to modify the level of security you would like with
  regard to cookies. This can range from allowing them
  everywhere, disabling them completely, or somewhere in the
  middle.
  
  
HOW TO BLOCK COOKIES (EXCEPT FOR SITES YOU USE) IN ANY BROWSER
  https://www.howtogeek.com/63721/how-to-block-all-cookies-except-for-sites-you-use/

  A cookie is simply a small file that a web site places on
  your computer to store information. The process itself is
  totally benign, and can even be helpful-cookies do useful
  things like store your shopping cart information between
  sessions, save you from the hassle of logging into a site
  every time you open and close your browser, and other
  helpful time savers. The ones that give cookies a bad name
  track users without their explicit knowledge and help
  advertisers (or other entities) build profiles of users.
  Many people want to limit the amount of information that is
  gathered about them, and do so by limiting the kind of
  cookies that their browser accepts and retains.
  
  
DELETE (often) HISTORY AND WEBSITE DATA (INCLUDING COOKIES)
  
  Removing cookies and more. Wipe your computer of your
  browsing history, cookies, and other detritus. It won't
  solve the problem on its own, but it is almost essential to
  clear away the tools people can use to track you.
  

ADBLOCK PLUS (works on all computers and mobile devices)
  https://adblockplus.org/

  Block ads that interrupt your browsing experience. Say
  goodbye to video ads, pop-ups, flashing banners and more.
  Blocking these annoyances means pages load faster.

  With Adblock Plus avoiding tracking and malware is easy.
  Blocking intrusive ads reduces the risk of "malvertising"
  infections. Blocking tracking stops companies following your
  online activity.


GHOSTERY (versions for all platforms)
  https://www.ghostery.com

  Ghostery helps you browse smarter by giving you control over
  ads and tracking technologies to speed up page loads,
  eliminate clutter, and protect your data.

  Ghostery Lite is a result of Safari's security and privacy
  updates to create a product that not only elevates Safari
  users privacy, but also increase page load speed. We built
  Ghostery Lite through collaboration with some of our most
  dedicated users on Safari who asked for a redesigned
  experience.


DISCONNECT (versions for all platforms)
  https://disconnect.me/about

  Today, there are thousands of companies that track people’s
  online activity and capture their personal information. But
  there's a huge disconnect between how people's data is being
  used, sold, or shared, and what they actually may want.

  Disconnect is founded on a basic principle: that people
  should have the freedom to move about the Internet - and
  their lives - without anyone else looking over their
  shoulder.


PRIVACY BADGER (from the Electronic Frontier Foundation)
  https://www.eff.org/privacybadger
  https://www.eff.org/privacybadger/faq#Will-you-be-supporting-any-other-browsers-besides-Chrome-/-Firefox-/-Opera
  https://ssd.eff.org/en/blog/privacy-badger-now-fights-more-sneaky-google-tracking

  Privacy Badger is a browser add-on that stops advertisers
  and other third-party trackers from secretly tracking where
  you go and what pages you look at on the web.  If an
  advertiser seems to be tracking you across multiple websites
  without your permission, Privacy Badger automatically blocks
  that advertiser from loading any more content in your
  browser.  To the advertiser, it's like you suddenly
  disappeared.


Tor BROSWSER (versions for all platforms)
  https://www.torproject.org/projects/torbrowser.html.en
  https://www.torproject.org/about/overview.html.en
  https://www.torproject.org/download/download

  The Tor software protects you by bouncing your
  communications around a distributed network of relays run by
  volunteers all around the world: it prevents somebody
  watching your Internet connection from learning what sites
  you visit, it prevents the sites you visit from learning
  your physical location, and it lets you access sites which
  are blocked.

  Tor Browser lets you use Tor on Microsoft Windows, Apple
  macOS, or GNU/Linux without needing to install any software.
  It can run off a USB flash drive, comes with a
  pre-configured web browser to protect your anonymity, and is
  self-contained (portable).


TESTING PRIVACY
  EFF -- Is your browser safe against tracking?
    https://panopticlick.eff.org
  Web Browser Cookie Forensics
    https://www.grc.com/cookies/forensics.htm?2rsdtpnmxvnqk

  Example of your instructor blocking trackers
  
  


HOW TO BROWSE THE WEB ANONYMOUSLY
  https://www.techlicious.com/tip/how-to-browse-the-web-anonymously/

  From turning on your browser's incognito mode, to
  downloading a plugin to erase your tracks, here are some
  tips on surfing the web without leaving (too much of) a
  trail.


IT'S TIME TO OWN YOUR EMAIL
  https://thehelm.com
  https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2018/10/meet-helm-the-startup-taking-on-gmail-with-a-server-that-runs-in-your-home/


US-CERT TIPS - PRIVACY
  https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/tips#privacy
  https://www.us-cert.gov


GETTING HACKED  (11+ min)
  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bjYhmX_OUQQ

BECOMING ANONYMOUS: THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO MAXIMUM SECURITY ONLINE  (24 min) 
  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Z7H5tXqMGo

HOME COMPUTER SECURITY
  http://edu-observatory.org/olli/HCS/index.html

BEST SECURITY PRACTICES
  

APPLE'S APPROACH TO PRIVACY
  https://www.apple.com/privacy

Tim Berners-Lee launches campaign to save the web from abuse
  https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/05/tim-berners-lee-launches-campaign-to-save-the-web-from-abuse


SECURITY MEDIA
  http://edu-observatory.org/media/Security_Media/index.html


  
  
  


 
    sam.wormley@gmail.com