Privacy When Using the Internet

Computer - Wi-Fi(Router) - Modem - ISP - DNS - Routing - Web Server


  Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989. He
  is the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), a
  Web standards organization founded in 1994 which develops
  interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines,
  software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential.

  Quoting Tim Berners-Lee in 2017, "selling private citizens'
  browsing data is disgusting". We have become the product and
  not the customer. We are being stalked. There are dossiers
  on each of us--name, contact information, spending habits,
  income level, mortgages, and a whole lot more.

  Major harvestors of information include: Google, Facebook,
  Amazon, and the NSA. Most of that harvesting takes place by
  automatically running JavaScript code downloaded from most

  Fifteen (15) Ways Google Collects Your Private Info and Data
  How Does Google Analytics Collect Information?
  Four (4) ways Google is destroying privacy and collecting 
  your data

  This class will help you regain some privacy and anonymity
  when using the internet.


USE A VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORK (VPN) A VPN secures your device's internet connection to guarantee that all data you are sending and receiving is encrypted and secure from prying eyes, even from your ISP. Iowa State requires its students to use a VPN. Couple of excellent VPN services: ExpressVPN, NordVPN. VPN Reviews from Top10VPN. USE PUBLIC DNS SERVICE OPTIONS!dns-resolvers A public Domain Name Server (DNS) is a name server that may be used in place of, or in addition to, name servers provided by a public (or your local) Internet Service Provider (ISP). Public name servers offer reliability, security, speed and privacy. Several services now support secure DNS lookup transport services such as DNS over TLS and DNS over HTTPS. WHAT IS A BROWSER? A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web. Each individual web page, image, and video is identified by a distinct URL, enabling browsers to retrieve and display them on the user's computer or mobile device. Examples of popular web browsers include Firefox, Safari, *Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Edge. USE A SECURE DEFAULT SEARCH ENGINE WITH YOUR BROWSER Switching to a more secure, privacy focused search engine is another way to maintain better privacy while browsing the web. Most of the popular search engines rely on selling users advertisements to make money. Search engines like Startpage, and DuckDuckGo are funded by donations and search related advertising, not by harvesting and selling your information. DuckDuckGo does not track you Use Google without being tracked INCREASING PRIVACY ON ANY BROWSER The easiest change to make is to start using private browser windows. When using a private browser window your browser will not save your browsing history and it prevents websites from tracking you. How to Always Start Any Browser in Private Browsing Mode Turn Private Browsing on/off on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch If browsing privately is not an option, some of the tracking can be mitigated by disabling cookies. Cookies are little pieces of data that most websites use to store information on your browsing activity. Simply go into the browsers settings to modify the level of security you would like with regard to cookies. This can range from allowing them everywhere, disabling them completely, or somewhere in the middle. HOW TO BLOCK COOKIES (EXCEPT FOR SITES YOU USE) IN ANY BROWSER A cookie is simply a small file that a web site places on your computer to store information. The process itself is totally benign, and can even be helpful-cookies do useful things like store your shopping cart information between sessions, save you from the hassle of logging into a site every time you open and close your browser, and other helpful time savers. The ones that give cookies a bad name track users without their explicit knowledge and help advertisers (or other entities) build profiles of users. Many people want to limit the amount of information that is gathered about them, and do so by limiting the kind of cookies that their browser accepts and retains. REGULARLY DELETE HISTORY AND WEBSITE DATA (includes cookies) Removing cookies and more. Wipe your computer of your browsing history, cookies, and other detritus. It won't solve the problem on its own, but it is almost essential to clear away the tools people can use to track you. ADBLOCK PLUS (works on all computers and mobile devices) Block ads that interrupt your browsing experience. Say goodbye to video ads, pop-ups, flashing banners and more. Blocking these annoyances means pages load faster. With Adblock Plus avoiding tracking and malware is easy. Blocking intrusive ads reduces the risk of "malvertising" infections. Blocking tracking stops companies following your online activity. DISCONNECT (versions for all platforms) Today, there are thousands of companies that track people's online activity and capture their personal information. But there's a huge disconnect between how people's data is being used, sold, or shared, and what they actually may want. Disconnect is founded on a basic principle: that people should have the freedom to move about the Internet - and their lives - without anyone else looking over their shoulder. GHOSTERY (versions for all platforms) Ghostery helps you browse smarter by giving you control over ads and tracking technologies to speed up page loads, eliminate clutter, and protect your data. Ghostery Lite is a result of Safari's security and privacy updates to create a product that not only elevates Safari users privacy, but also increase page load speed. We built Ghostery Lite through collaboration with some of our most dedicated users on Safari who asked for a redesigned experience. PRIVACY BADGER (from the Electronic Frontier Foundation) Privacy Badger is a browser add-on that stops advertisers and other third-party trackers from secretly tracking where you go and what pages you look at on the web. If an advertiser seems to be tracking you across multiple websites without your permission, Privacy Badger automatically blocks that advertiser from loading any more content in your browser. To the advertiser, it's like you suddenly disappeared. Tor BROSWSER (versions for all platforms) The Tor software protects you by bouncing your communications around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers all around the world: it prevents somebody watching your Internet connection from learning what sites you visit, it prevents the sites you visit from learning your physical location, and it lets you access sites which are blocked. Tor Browser lets you use Tor on Microsoft Windows, Apple macOS, or GNU/Linux without needing to install any software. It can run off a USB flash drive, comes with a pre-configured web browser to protect your anonymity, and is self-contained (portable). TESTING PRIVACY EFF -- Is your browser safe against tracking? Web Browser Cookie Forensics Example of blocking trackers PERHAPS IT'S TIME TO OWN YOUR EMAIL Using cloud-based email services means signing away your rights and allowing third-parties access to the information being stored on them. Helm is a personal server that runs out of your home and provides services that are reachable from anywhere in the world. Helm is about the size of a 4x6 picture frame, so it can fit anywhere. It allows you to pull your information out of the cloud and put it in your house, where only you have control over it. SECURE PHONE CALLING & TEXT MESSAGING Signal messages and calls are always end-to-end encrypted and painstakingly engineered to keep your communication safe. We can't read your messages or see your calls, and no one else can either. This also holds true for Apple's iMessage and Facetime calls. MAKE SURE YOUR SMARTPHONE APPS AREN'T SPYING ON YOU OUTBOUND FIREWALLS-- Monitor all web traffic ZoneAlarm (Outbound Firewall for MS Windows) Radio Silence (Outbound Firewall for macOS) Hands Off! (BiDirectional Firewall for macOS) Little Snitch (Outbound Firewall for macOS) However, Little Snitch, ZoneAlarm, Outbound Firewalls, Blech! REVIEW -- ONLINE PRIVACY: USING THE INTERNET SAFELY HOW TO BROWSE THE WEB ANONYMOUSLY HOW TO BE ANONYMOUS ON THE INTERNET HOW TO BE ONLINE ANONYMOUSLY US-CERT TIPS - PRIVACY APPLE'S APPROACH TO PRIVACY HOW TO MANAGE PRIVACY AND SECURITY SETTINGS IN SAFARI ON MAC
GETTING HACKED (11+ min) HOME COMPUTER SECURITY BEST SECURITY PRACTICES TIM BERNERS-LEE LAUNCHES CAMPAIGN TO SAVE THE WEB FROM ABUSE Tim Berners-Lee has launched a global campaign to save the web from the destructive effects of abuse and discrimination, political manipulation, and other threats that plague the online world. The contract outlines central principles that will be built into a full contract and published in May 2019, when half of the world's population will be able to get online. STAY INFORMED -- SECURITY MEDIA ELECTRONIC FRONTIER FOUNDATION (EFF) The Electronic Frontier Foundation is the leading nonprofit organization defending civil liberties in the digital world. Founded in 1990, EFF champions user privacy, free expression, and innovation through impact litigation, policy analysis, grassroots activism, and technology development. We work to ensure that rights and freedoms are enhanced and protected as our use of technology grows. Even in the fledgling days of the Internet, EFF understood that protecting access to developing technology was central to advancing freedom for all. In the years that followed, EFF used our fiercely independent voice to clear the way for open source software, encryption, security research, file sharing tools, and a world of emerging technologies. Today, EFF uses the unique expertise of leading technologists, activists, and attorneys in our efforts to defend free speech online, fight illegal surveillance, advocate for users and innovators, and support freedom-enhancing technologies. Together, we forged a vast network of concerned members and partner organizations spanning the globe. EFF advises policymakers and educates the press and the public through comprehensive analysis, educational guides, activist workshops, and more. EFF empowers hundreds of thousands of individuals through our Action Center and has become a leading voice in online rights debates. SURVEILLANCE SELF-DEFENSE