Computer - Wi-Fi(Router) - Modem - ISP - DNS - Routing - Web Server
ONE PROBLEM - HARVESTING EVERYTHING ABOUT YOU (AND WHAT YOU DO)
Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989. He
is the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), a
Web standards organization founded in 1994 which develops
interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines,
software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential.
Quoting Tim Berners-Lee in 2017, "selling private citizens'
browsing data is disgusting". We have become the product and
not the customer. We are being stalked. There are dossiers
on each of us--name, contact information, spending habits,
income level, mortgages, and a whole lot more.
Major harvestors of information include: Google, Facebook,
Amazon, and the NSA. Most of that harvesting takes place by
Fifteen (15) Ways Google Collects Your Private Info and Data
How Does Google Analytics Collect Information?
Four (4) ways Google is destroying privacy and collecting
This class will help you regain some privacy and anonymity
when using the internet.
USE A VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORK (VPN)
A VPN secures your device's internet connection to guarantee
that all data you are sending and receiving is encrypted and
secure from prying eyes, even from your ISP. Iowa State
requires its students to use a VPN. Couple of excellent VPN
services: ExpressVPN, NordVPN. VPN Reviews from Top10VPN.
IF YOU CONTINUE TO USE GOOGLE, MANAGE YOUR GOOGLE ACCOUNT
USE PUBLIC DNS SERVICE OPTIONS
A public Domain Name Server (DNS) is a name server that may
be used in place of, or in addition to, name servers
provided by a public (or your local) Internet Service
Provider (ISP). Public name servers offer reliability,
security, speed and privacy. Several services now support
secure DNS lookup transport services such as DNS over TLS
and DNS over HTTPS.
WHAT IS A BROWSER?
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a
software application for accessing information on the World
Wide Web. Each individual web page, image, and video is
identified by a distinct URL, enabling browsers to retrieve
and display them on the user's computer or mobile device.
Examples of popular web browsers include Firefox, Safari,
*Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Edge.
USE A SECURE DEFAULT SEARCH ENGINE WITH YOUR BROWSER
Switching to a more secure, privacy focused search engine is
another way to maintain better privacy while browsing the
web. Most of the popular search engines rely on selling
users advertisements to make money. Search engines like
Startpage, and DuckDuckGo are funded by donations and search
related advertising, not by harvesting and selling your
DuckDuckGo does not track you
Use Google without being tracked
INCREASING PRIVACY ON ANY BROWSER
The easiest change to make is to start using private
browser windows. When using a private browser window your
browser will not save your browsing history and it prevents
websites from tracking you.
How to Always Start Any Browser in Private Browsing Mode
Turn Private Browsing on/off on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch
If browsing privately is not an option, some of the tracking
can be mitigated by disabling cookies. Cookies are little
pieces of data that most websites use to store information
on your browsing activity. Simply go into the browsers
settings to modify the level of security you would like with
regard to cookies. This can range from allowing them
everywhere, disabling them completely, or somewhere in the
HOW TO BLOCK COOKIES (EXCEPT FOR SITES YOU USE) IN ANY BROWSER
A cookie is simply a small file that a web site places on
your computer to store information. The process itself is
totally benign, and can even be helpful-cookies do useful
things like store your shopping cart information between
sessions, save you from the hassle of logging into a site
every time you open and close your browser, and other
helpful time savers. The ones that give cookies a bad name
track users without their explicit knowledge and help
advertisers (or other entities) build profiles of users.
Many people want to limit the amount of information that is
gathered about them, and do so by limiting the kind of
cookies that their browser accepts and retains.
REGULARLY DELETE HISTORY AND WEBSITE DATA (includes cookies)
Removing cookies and more. Wipe your computer of your
browsing history, cookies, and other detritus. It won't
solve the problem on its own, but it is almost essential to
clear away the tools people can use to track you.
ADBLOCK PLUS (works on all computers and mobile devices)
Block ads that interrupt your browsing experience. Say
goodbye to video ads, pop-ups, flashing banners and more.
Blocking these annoyances means pages load faster.
With Adblock Plus avoiding tracking and malware is easy.
Blocking intrusive ads reduces the risk of "malvertising"
infections. Blocking tracking stops companies following your
DISCONNECT (versions for all platforms)
Today, there are thousands of companies that track people's
online activity and capture their personal information. But
there's a huge disconnect between how people's data is being
used, sold, or shared, and what they actually may want.
Disconnect is founded on a basic principle: that people
should have the freedom to move about the Internet - and
their lives - without anyone else looking over their
GHOSTERY (versions for all platforms)
Ghostery helps you browse smarter by giving you control over
ads and tracking technologies to speed up page loads,
eliminate clutter, and protect your data.
Ghostery Lite is a result of Safari's security and privacy
updates to create a product that not only elevates Safari
users privacy, but also increase page load speed. We built
Ghostery Lite through collaboration with some of our most
dedicated users on Safari who asked for a redesigned
PRIVACY BADGER (from the Electronic Frontier Foundation)
Privacy Badger is a browser add-on that stops advertisers
and other third-party trackers from secretly tracking where
you go and what pages you look at on the web. If an
advertiser seems to be tracking you across multiple websites
without your permission, Privacy Badger automatically blocks
that advertiser from loading any more content in your
browser. To the advertiser, it's like you suddenly
Tor BROSWSER (versions for all platforms)
The Tor software protects you by bouncing your
communications around a distributed network of relays run by
volunteers all around the world: it prevents somebody
watching your Internet connection from learning what sites
you visit, it prevents the sites you visit from learning
your physical location, and it lets you access sites which
Tor Browser lets you use Tor on Microsoft Windows, Apple
macOS, or GNU/Linux without needing to install any software.
It can run off a USB flash drive, comes with a
pre-configured web browser to protect your anonymity, and is
EFF -- Is your browser safe against tracking?
Web Browser Cookie Forensics
Example of blocking trackers
PERHAPS IT'S TIME TO OWN YOUR EMAIL
Using cloud-based email services means signing away your
rights and allowing third-parties access to the information
being stored on them.
Helm is a personal server that runs out of your home and
provides services that are reachable from anywhere in the
world. Helm is about the size of a 4x6 picture frame, so it
can fit anywhere. It allows you to pull your information out
of the cloud and put it in your house, where only you have
control over it.
SECURE PHONE CALLING & TEXT MESSAGING
Signal messages and calls are always end-to-end encrypted
and painstakingly engineered to keep your communication
safe. We can't read your messages or see your calls, and no
one else can either. This also holds true for Apple's
iMessage and Facetime calls.
MAKE SURE YOUR SMARTPHONE APPS AREN'T SPYING ON YOU
OUTBOUND FIREWALLS-- Monitor all web traffic
ZoneAlarm (Outbound Firewall for MS Windows)
Radio Silence (Outbound Firewall for macOS)
Hands Off! (BiDirectional Firewall for macOS)
Little Snitch (Outbound Firewall for macOS)
However, Little Snitch, ZoneAlarm, Outbound Firewalls, Blech!
ONLINE PRIVACY: USING THE INTERNET SAFELY
HOW TO BROWSE THE WEB ANONYMOUSLY
HOW TO BE ANONYMOUS ON THE INTERNET
HOW TO BE ONLINE ANONYMOUSLY
US-CERT TIPS - PRIVACY
APPLE'S APPROACH TO PRIVACY
HOW TO MANAGE PRIVACY AND SECURITY SETTINGS IN SAFARI ON MAC
GETTING HACKED (11+ min)
HOME COMPUTER SECURITY
BEST SECURITY PRACTICES
TIM BERNERS-LEE LAUNCHES CAMPAIGN TO SAVE THE WEB FROM ABUSE
Tim Berners-Lee has launched a global campaign to save the
web from the destructive effects of abuse and
discrimination, political manipulation, and other threats
that plague the online world.
The contract outlines central principles that will be built
into a full contract and published in May 2019, when half of
the world's population will be able to get online.
STAY INFORMED -- SECURITY MEDIA
ELECTRONIC FRONTIER FOUNDATION (EFF)
The Electronic Frontier Foundation is the leading nonprofit
organization defending civil liberties in the digital world.
Founded in 1990, EFF champions user privacy, free
expression, and innovation through impact litigation, policy
analysis, grassroots activism, and technology development.
We work to ensure that rights and freedoms are enhanced and
protected as our use of technology grows.
Even in the fledgling days of the Internet, EFF understood
that protecting access to developing technology was central
to advancing freedom for all. In the years that followed,
EFF used our fiercely independent voice to clear the way for
open source software, encryption, security research, file
sharing tools, and a world of emerging technologies.
Today, EFF uses the unique expertise of leading
technologists, activists, and attorneys in our efforts to
defend free speech online, fight illegal surveillance,
advocate for users and innovators, and support
Together, we forged a vast network of concerned members and
partner organizations spanning the globe. EFF advises
policymakers and educates the press and the public through
comprehensive analysis, educational guides, activist
workshops, and more. EFF empowers hundreds of thousands of
individuals through our Action Center and has become a
leading voice in online rights debates.