Privacy When Using the Internet
http://edu-observatory.org/olli/Privacy/index.html




ONE PROBLEM - HARVESTING EVERYTHING ABOUT YOU (AND WHAT YOU DO)

  Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989. He
  is the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), a
  Web standards organization founded in 1994 which develops
  interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines,
  software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential.

  Quoting Tim Berners-Lee in 2017, "selling private citizens'
  browsing data is disgusting". We have become the product and
  not the customer. We are being stalked. There are dossiers
  on each of us--name, contact information, spending habits,
  income level, mortgages, and a whole lot more.

  Major harvestors of information include: Google, Facebook,
  Amazon, and the NSA. Most harvesting takes place by our
  computers automatically running JavaScript code embedded in
  websites we browse.

  Fifteen (15) Ways Google Collects Your Private Info and Data
    https://www.quertime.com/article/15-ways-google-collects-your-private-info-and-data/
  How Does Google Analytics Collect Information?
    https://www.lunametrics.com/blog/2016/06/22/google-analytics-collects-information/
  Four (4) ways Google is destroying privacy and collecting 
  your data
    https://www.salon.com/2014/02/05/4_ways_google_is_destroying_privacy_and_collecting_your_data_partner/

IF YOU CONTINUE TO USE GOOGLE, MANAGE YOUR GOOGLE ACCOUNT
  https://myaccount.google.com/privacycheckup



USE A VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORK (VPN) A VPN secures your device's internet connection to guarantee that all data you are sending and receiving is encrypted and secure from prying eyes, even from your ISP and reduces tracking by hiding your IP Address. Excellent VPN services: ExpressVPN, NordVPN. VPN Reviews from Top10VPN. USE PUBLIC DNS SERVICE OPTIONS The Domain Name Systems (DNS) is the phonebook of the Internet. Humans access information online through domain names, like nytimes.com or espn.com. Web browsers interact through Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. DNS translates domain names to IP addresses so browsers can load Internet resources. Each device connected to the Internet has a unique IP address which other machines use to find the device. DNS servers eliminate the need for humans to memorize IP addresses such as 192.168.1.1 (in IPv4), or more complex newer alphanumeric IP addresses such as 2400:cb00:2048:1::c629:d7a2 (in IPv6). Default DNS services are provided by your Internet Service Provider (ISP) at home, your cellular provider, workplace, and all public Wi-Fi networks that you might use. Many are loging everything you do. Some are blocking websites. Public DNS (over TLS/HTTPS) service offer privacy and security. DNS resolvers can also be configured to provide security solutions for their end users (people browsing the Internet). Some DNS resolvers provide features such as content filtering, which can block sites known to distribute malware and spam, and botnet protection, which blocks communication with known botnets. Many of these secured DNS resolvers are free to use and a user can switch to one of these recursive DNS services by changing a single setting in their local router. Cloudflare DNS has an emphasis on security. https://www.cloudflare.com/learning/dns/what-is-dns/ https://www.cloudflare.com/learning/dns/what-is-1.1.1.1/ https://www.dnsperf.com/#!dns-resolvers WHAT IS A BROWSER? A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web. Each individual web page, image, and video is identified by a distinct URL, enabling browsers to retrieve and display them on the user's computer or mobile device. Examples of web browsers include Firefox, Safari, Opera, Edge, and Chrome. USE A SECURE DEFAULT SEARCH ENGINE WITH YOUR BROWSER Switching to a more secure, privacy focused search engine is another way to maintain better privacy while browsing the web. Most of the popular search engines rely on selling users advertisements to make money. Search engines like Startpage, and DuckDuckGo are funded by donations and search related advertising, not by harvesting and selling your information. DuckDuckGo does not track you https://DuckDuckGo.com Use Google without being tracked https://www.startpage.com INCREASING PRIVACY ON ANY BROWSER The easiest change to make is to start using private browser windows. When using a private browser window your browser will not save your browsing history and it prevents websites from tracking you. How to Always Start Any Browser in Private Browsing Mode https://www.howtogeek.com/137466/how-to-always-start-any-browser-in-private-browsing-mode/ Turn Private Browsing on/off on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT203036 If browsing privately is not an option, some of the tracking can be mitigated by disabling cookies. Cookies are little pieces of data that most websites use to store information on your browsing activity. Simply go into the browsers settings to modify the level of security you would like with regard to cookies. This can range from allowing them everywhere, disabling them completely, or somewhere in the middle. HOW TO BLOCK COOKIES (EXCEPT FOR SITES YOU USE) IN ANY BROWSER https://www.howtogeek.com/63721/how-to-block-all-cookies-except-for-sites-you-use/ A cookie is simply a small file that a web site places on your computer to store information. The process itself is totally benign, and can even be helpful-cookies do useful things like store your shopping cart information between sessions, save you from the hassle of logging into a site every time you open and close your browser, and other helpful time savers. The ones that give cookies a bad name track users without their explicit knowledge and help advertisers (or other entities) build profiles of users. Many people want to limit the amount of information that is gathered about them, and do so by limiting the kind of cookies that their browser accepts and retains. REGULARLY DELETE HISTORY AND WEBSITE DATA (includes cookies) Removing cookies and more. Wipe your computer of your browsing history, cookies, and other detritus. It won't solve the problem on its own, but it is almost essential to clear away the tools people can use to track you. ADBLOCK PLUS (works on all computers and mobile devices) https://adblockplus.org/ Block ads that interrupt your browsing experience. Say goodbye to video ads, pop-ups, flashing banners and more. Blocking these annoyances means pages load faster. With Adblock Plus avoiding tracking and malware is easy. Blocking intrusive ads reduces the risk of "malvertising" infections. Blocking tracking stops companies following your online activity. DISCONNECT (versions for all platforms) https://disconnect.me/about Today, there are thousands of companies that track people's online activity and capture their personal information. But there's a huge disconnect between how people's data is being used, sold, or shared, and what they actually may want. Disconnect is founded on a basic principle: that people should have the freedom to move about the Internet - and their lives - without anyone else looking over their shoulder. PRIVACY BADGER (from the Electronic Frontier Foundation) https://www.eff.org/privacybadger https://www.eff.org/privacybadger/faq#Will-you-be-supporting-any-other-browsers-besides-Chrome-/-Firefox-/-Opera https://ssd.eff.org/en/blog/privacy-badger-now-fights-more-sneaky-google-tracking Privacy Badger is a browser add-on that stops advertisers and other third-party trackers from secretly tracking where you go and what pages you look at on the web. If an advertiser seems to be tracking you across multiple websites without your permission, Privacy Badger automatically blocks that advertiser from loading any more content in your browser. To the advertiser, it's like you suddenly disappeared. 1BLOCKER -- The fast and secure Safari content blocker https://1blocker.com For those of you unfamiliar with content blockers, they work within your internet browser (in this case, Safari) to hide all of those things like ads and other super annoying elements you may not want to see while you're keeping up on current events, shopping, or whatever else you do on the web. However, 1Blocker X goes above and beyond, allowing you to set full-custom rules for blocking trackers, cookies, website comments, widgets, and more in addition to ads. Plus, it's not just an update to the same ol' app - it's been rewritten from scratch in order to strike "a perfect balance between simplicity and power." Tor BROSWSER (versions for all platforms) https://www.torproject.org/projects/torbrowser.html.en https://www.torproject.org/about/overview.html.en https://www.torproject.org/download/download The Tor software protects you by bouncing your communications around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers all around the world: it prevents somebody watching your Internet connection from learning what sites you visit, it prevents the sites you visit from learning your physical location, and it lets you access sites which are blocked. Tor Browser lets you use Tor on Microsoft Windows, Apple macOS, or GNU/Linux without needing to install any software. It can run off a USB flash drive, comes with a pre-configured web browser to protect your anonymity, and is self-contained (portable). TESTING PRIVACY EFF -- Is your browser safe against tracking? https://panopticlick.eff.org Web Browser Cookie Forensics https://www.grc.com/cookies/forensics.htm Example of blocking trackers PERHAPS IT'S TIME TO OWN YOUR EMAIL https://thehelm.com https://thehelm.com/#embed https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2018/10/meet-helm-the-startup-taking-on-gmail-with-a-server-that-runs-in-your-home/ Using cloud-based email services means signing away your rights and allowing third-parties access to the information being stored on them. Helm is a personal server that runs out of your home and provides services that are reachable from anywhere in the world. Helm is about the size of a 4x6 picture frame, so it can fit anywhere. It allows you to pull your information out of the cloud and put it in your house, where only you have control over it. SECURE PHONE CALLING & TEXT MESSAGING https://www.signal.org https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT204380 https://ifacetimeapp.com/facetime-for-android-download/ https://www.eff.org/node/82654 Signal messages and calls are always end-to-end encrypted and painstakingly engineered to keep your communication safe. We can't read your messages or see your calls, and no one else can either. This also holds true for Apple's iMessage and Facetime calls. MAKE SURE YOUR SMARTPHONE APPS AREN'T SPYING ON YOU https://phys.org/news/2018-01-smartphone-apps-spying.html OUTBOUND FIREWALLS-- Monitor all web traffic ZoneAlarm (Outbound Firewall for MS Windows) http://www.zonealarm.com/security/en-us/zonealarm-pc-security-free-firewall.htm LuLu (Outbound Firewall for macOS) -- Patrick Wardle https://objective-see.com/products/lulu.html SURVEILLANCE SELF-DEFENSE https://ssd.eff.org https://ssd.eff.org/module-categories/basics https://ssd.eff.org/module-categories/tool-guides REVIEW -- ONLINE PRIVACY: USING THE INTERNET SAFELY https://www.privacyrights.org/consumer-guides/online-privacy-using-internet-safely HOW TO BROWSE THE WEB ANONYMOUSLY https://www.techlicious.com/tip/how-to-browse-the-web-anonymously/ HOW TO BE ANONYMOUS ON THE INTERNET https://www.computerhope.com/issues/ch000982.htm HOW TO BE ONLINE ANONYMOUSLY https://www.wikihow.com/Be-Online-Anonymously US-CERT TIPS - PRIVACY https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/tips#privacy https://www.us-cert.gov APPLE'S APPROACH TO PRIVACY https://www.apple.com/privacy HOW TO MANAGE PRIVACY AND SECURITY SETTINGS IN SAFARI ON MAC https://www.imore.com/how-manage-privacy-and-security-settings-safari-mac
GETTING HACKED (11+ min) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bjYhmX_OUQQ HOME COMPUTER SECURITY http://edu-observatory.org/olli/HCS/index.html BEST SECURITY PRACTICES TIM BERNERS-LEE LAUNCHES CAMPAIGN TO SAVE THE WEB FROM ABUSE https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/05/tim-berners-lee-launches-campaign-to-save-the-web-from-abuse Tim Berners-Lee has launched a global campaign to save the web from the destructive effects of abuse and discrimination, political manipulation, and other threats that plague the online world. The contract outlines central principles that will be built into a full contract and published in May 2019, when half of the world's population will be able to get online. STAY INFORMED -- SECURITY MEDIA http://edu-observatory.org/media/Security_Media/index.html ELECTRONIC FRONTIER FOUNDATION (EFF) https://www.eff.org The Electronic Frontier Foundation is the leading nonprofit organization defending civil liberties in the digital world. Founded in 1990, EFF champions user privacy, free expression, and innovation through impact litigation, policy analysis, grassroots activism, and technology development. We work to ensure that rights and freedoms are enhanced and protected as our use of technology grows. Even in the fledgling days of the Internet, EFF understood that protecting access to developing technology was central to advancing freedom for all. In the years that followed, EFF used our fiercely independent voice to clear the way for open source software, encryption, security research, file sharing tools, and a world of emerging technologies. Today, EFF uses the unique expertise of leading technologists, activists, and attorneys in our efforts to defend free speech online, fight illegal surveillance, advocate for users and innovators, and support freedom-enhancing technologies. Together, we forged a vast network of concerned members and partner organizations spanning the globe. EFF advises policymakers and educates the press and the public through comprehensive analysis, educational guides, activist workshops, and more. EFF empowers hundreds of thousands of individuals through our Action Center and has become a leading voice in online rights debates. SURVEILLANCE SELF-DEFENSE https://ssd.eff.org/en/module/your-security-plan sam.wormley@gmail.com