Personal Transportation without Gasoline
http://edu-observatory.org/olli/Transportation/index.html



PERSONAL TRANSPORTATION MODES (without CO2 emissions)
  Human Powered 
    Walking/Running/Skateboards
    Bicycles
    Skis
    Rowboats, Canoes, and Kayaks 
  Wind Powered
    Sailboats

PERSONAL TRANSPORTATION MODES (minimizing CO2 emissions)
    Electric Vehicles (EVs)
    Hybrid (HEVs) & Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
    Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs)

CHARGE YOUR EVs with SOLAR (further minimizing CO2 emissions)
  Solar Power: Reducing your Carbon Footprint 
    http://edu-observatory.org/olli/Solar/index.html
   
 
 
 
 
 


ELECTRIC VEHICLES (EVs) The Impending Big Auto/Oil Implosion https://victoriaevclub.com/the-impending-big-auto-oil-implosion/ https://seekingalpha.com/author/ross-tessien#regular_articles City of Ames - Electric Vehicles https://www.cityofames.org/government/departments-divisions-a-h/electric/energy-info/electric-vehicles Gasoline-powered vehicles are only able to convert about 17-21% of the energy in the gas tank to power at the wheels. EVs, which are more efficient, use more than 77% of the electricity they get from the grid to get you where you need to go. EVs have no direct emissions, which improves the air quality in our communities. When you calculate the emissions from the generation of the electricity that powers an EV, it is still responsible for less than half the emissions of a similar gasoline vehicle. EVs are responsible for more emissions per vehicles in manufacturing, but the overall cradle-to-grave emissions of EVs are still less than half of those emitted by conventional gasoline vehicles. (Use Reader Mode) https://insideevs.com/reviews/344001/compare-evs/Study Finds EV Cost Of Ownership Is 40% Lower Than ICE Which electric car is the cheapest? What sort of range should I expect from a certain car? The list of possible questions related to electric cars goes on and on. Luckily, we've assembled most of the vital details for every electric car sold in the U.S. today. US Electric Car Prices: Cheapest To Most Expensive (Feb 7, 2022) https://insideevs.com/news/565883/electric-car-prices-us-20220207/ All-Electric Cars Listed By EPA Range From Lowest To Highest https://insideevs.com/news/534024/bev-epa-range-comparison-september2021/ What's The Real World Highway Range Of Today's Electric Cars? We Test To Find Out https://insideevs.com/reviews/443791/ev-range-test-results/ How far an electric vehicle goes on a single charge depends on a lot of factors, including speed, temperature, topography, and other traffic conditions. This is why government-backed range ratings like the EPA and WLTP use are really just an estimate of what an EV owner can expect in a combination of city and highway driving in mostly favorable, albeit not ideal, ambient temperatures. The real world is entirely different, though, which is why InsideEVs conducts its own EV range tests at a constant speed of 70 miles per hour. Study Finds EV Cost Of Ownership Is 40% Lower Than ICE https://insideevs.com/news/527165/study-evs-ownership-40percent-lower/ What Does AWD, FWD & RWD Mean? https://mechanicbase.com/transmission/awd-vs-fwd-vs-rwd-which-is-best/ Best All Wheel Drive Electric Vehicles https://www.truecar.com/best-cars-trucks/fuel-electric/all-wheel-drive/ Edmunds - Best Electric Cars of 2022 and 2023 https://www.edmunds.com/electric-car/#luxury-electric-cars Edmunds' experts test 200 vehicles per year on our test track. We also test them using a 115-mile real-world test loop of city streets, freeways and winding canyons. The data we gather results in our ratings. They’re based on 30-plus scores that cover performance, comfort, interior, technology, utility and value. Now You Know (Video Podcasts) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=64SZ14EWIrE https://www.youtube.com/c/NowYouKnowChannel Meet the Now You Know team of Zac, Jesse, Bobby, Brent, & Ethan. Join our mission to spread sustainability and share ideas across the internet! Now You Know! TESLA The Future of Driving https://www.tesla.com/autopilot TESLA Y (No model year - continuously evolving) https://www.tesla.com/modely Owners Manual Major New 2023 Tesla Model Y Update! - Sandy Munro Teardown https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zHg_XK2ihGs NEW Tesla Model Y+ Coming In 2024? | Here's What We Know https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=24POYGKqGsw Munro's 5th Tesla <== https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qH08Wk2xZuA Best Electric Vehicle Of 2022 Is Tesla Model Y, Cars.com Concludes https://cleantechnica.com/2022/02/26/best-electric-vehicle-of-2022-is-tesla-model-y-cars-com-concludes/ TESLA Y TEARDOWN (Munro & Co. 40+ Video Series) <== https://munrolive.com/model-y-teardown Major New 2023 Tesla Model Y Update! - Sandy Munro Teardown https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zHg_XK2ihGs Elon Musk Interview: 1-on-1 with Sandy Munro https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YAtLTLiqNwg&t=432s Nissan LEAF (2022) https://www.nissanusa.com/vehicles/electric-cars/leaf.html Chevrolet BOLT EV (2022) https://www.chevrolet.com/electric/bolt-ev Hyundai Kona Electric (2022) https://www.hyundaiusa.com/us/en/vehicles/kona-electric Hyundai IONIQ Electric (2022) https://www.hyundaiusa.com/us/en/vehicles/ioniq-electric Lucid Air (2022) Challenging Tesla https://www.lucidmotors.com/air https://www.youtube.com/c/LucidMotors https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nGan_iPPdqk https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=et6t_JNbn4E One wonders what Apple will eventually offer.


HYBRID (HEVs) & PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES (PHEVs) Greater Fuel Efficiency Has Many Benefits (EPA) https://blog.epa.gov/tag/hybrid-vehicles/ Explaining Hybrid & Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles https://www.epa.gov/greenvehicles/explaining-electric-plug-hybrid-electric-vehicles Hybrid Vehicles (HEVs) https://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/PowerSearch.do?action=PowerSearch&year1=2020&year2=2022&minmsrpsel=0&maxmsrpsel=0&city=0&highway=0&combined=0&cbvthybrid=Hybrid&YearSel=2020-2022&MakeSel=&MarClassSel=&FuelTypeSel=&VehTypeSel=Hybrid&TranySel=&DriveTypeSel=&CylindersSel=&MpgSel=000&sortBy=Comb&Units=&url=SearchServlet&opt=new&minmsrp=0&maxmsrp=0&minmpg=0&maxmpg=0&sCharge=&tCharge=&startstop=&cylDeact=&rowLimit=50 Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) https://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/PowerSearch.do?action=PowerSearch&year1=2020&year2=2022&minmsrpsel=0&maxmsrpsel=0&city=0&highway=0&combined=0&cbvtplugin=Plug-in+Hybrid&YearSel=2020-2022&MakeSel=&MarClassSel=&FuelTypeSel=&VehTypeSel=Plug-in+Hybrid&TranySel=&DriveTypeSel=&CylindersSel=&MpgSel=000&sortBy=Comb&Units=&url=SearchServlet&opt=new&minmsrp=0&maxmsrp=0&minmpg=0&maxmpg=0&sCharge=&tCharge=&startstop=&cylDeact=&rowLimit=50 Toyota Hybrid Vehicles Lineup https://www.toyota.com/hybrid/ https://www.toyota.com/priusprime/ Hyundai SONATA Plug-in Hybrid (2022) https://www.hyundaiusa.com/us/en/vehicles/sonata-plug-in-hybrid


HYDROGEN FUEL CELL VEHICLES (FCVs) Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles (EPA) https://www.epa.gov/greenvehicles/hydrogen-fuel-cell-vehicles Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs) are similar to electric vehicles (EVs) in that they use an electric motor instead of an internal combustion engine to power the wheels. However, while EVs run on batteries that must be plugged in to recharge, FCVs generate their electricity onboard. In a fuel cell, hydrogen (H2) gas from the vehicle’s fuel tank combines with oxygen (O2) from the air to generate electricity with only water and heat as byproducts of the process. Compare Fuel Cell Vehicles (EPA) https://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/fcv_sbs.shtml Honda Clarity (2022-2024) https://automobiles.honda.com/clarity-fuel-cell Toyota Mirai (2022) https://www.toyota.com/mirai/ Hyundai Nexo (2022) https://www.hyundaiusa.com/us/en/vehicles/nexo
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