Corporate Leadership toward a Zero-Carbon Footprint

Former Environmental Protection Agency administrator Lisa
Jackson, now vice president of environment, policy, and social
initiatives at Apple, Inc. states: "Since 2018, Apple's
stores, offices, and data centers have run on 100% renewable
energy. Today all of our operations are carbon neutral, too.
And by 2030, every product will be also - how it is designed,
made, shipped, used, and recycled".

This OLLI class provides insight into how tech giants such as
Apple, Google, and others are providing leadership toward a
zero-carbon footprint global economy.

BIG PICTURE (providing context) AR6 Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis GENEVA, Aug 9, 2021 - Scientists are observing changes in the Earth's climate in every region and across the whole climate system, according to the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Report, released today. Many of the changes observed in the climate are unprecedented in thousands, if not hundreds of thousands of years, and some of the changes already set in motion-such as continued sea level rise-are irreversible over hundreds to thousands of years. Earth's Energy Imbalance (Radiative Forcing) The earth is absorbing more energy from the sun than it's giving up due to increasing greenhouse gas concentrations. The excess energy that the planet is absorbing is enormous. The total energy imbalance is now greater than 3.1 W/m^2.

LISA JACKSON Lisa Jackson - Apple Vice President, Environment, Policy and Social [Justice] Initiatives Lisa oversees Apple's efforts to minimize its impact on the environment by addressing climate change through renewable energy and energy efficiency, using greener materials, and inventing new ways to conserve precious resources. She also leads Apple's $100 million Racial Equity and Justice Initiative, focused on education, economic opportunity, and criminal justice reform - and is responsible for Apple's education policy programs, its product accessibility work, and its worldwide government affairs function. Apple's Lisa Jackson on leadership, justice, and generations of change Apple's Lisa Jackson is moving social justice to the top of the list for protecting the environment. Coming from one of Fortune's "most powerful women in business" at one of the world's largest companies, she has views that could have a long-term global impact. Apple's big-ticket sustainability goals released this year for 2030 include becoming carbon-neutral and achieving a net-zero impact in all operations. The company also recently embraced an outward-facing leadership role on its social impacts, with a $100 million investment to create a Racial and Equity Justice Initiative (REJI), which CEO Tim Cook asked Jackson to lead in June. 1. Identifying intersections Apple CEO Tim Cook: The unfinished work of racial justice and equality call us all to account (4+ min) 2. Empowering communities As part of its REJI initiative, which centers around representation, inclusion and accountability, Apple describes using its voice and cash to transform systemic disempowerment into empowerment. One way is to hire more coders of color and to build up wealth in underserved communities by doing more business with suppliers owned by people of color. 3. Making the human factor material It's been two years since Apple planted the seeds to grow a circular economy by committing to make all of its devices from recycled or renewable materials eventually. Jackson described how the iPhone maker quickly found that its "moonshot" of shunning ingredients that need to be mined is not just about closing the loop on material resources, but on human resources as well. The tech giant prioritized eliminating conflict minerals and questionably sourced rare earths early on because of the labor and supply chain difficulties involved. In this area, Apple so far has created its own recycled aluminum alloy for devices including the Apple Watch, MacBook Air and iPad, and it uses recycled tin in solder in some logic boards. It has developed profiles of 45 materials in terms of their impacts on the environment, society and supply chains, singling out 14 for early action on recycled or renewable sourcing. The haptic engine, which enables a variety of vibrations in iPhone models 11 and up, uses recycled rare earths. The Daisy disassembly robot gained a cousin, Dave, which recovers rare earth elements, steel and tungsten from spent devices and scrap. 4. Being first and bigger Where Apple leads, others in the market listen. For instance, so far it has nudged more than 70 of its suppliers to adopt clean energy, which Apple has fully implemented in its offices, data centers and stores without leaning on offsets. The company's supply chain partners of all sizes are ripe for doing something differently, Jackson said.

APPLE PRESS RELEASE March 31, 2021 Apple powers ahead in new renewable energy solutions with over 110 suppliers. A new energy storage project marks the next frontier of Apple's efforts to become carbon neutral for its supply chain and products by 2030 (Images & Captions) Apple announced over 110 of its manufacturing partners around the world are moving to 100 percent renewable energy for their Apple production, with nearly 8 gigawatts of planned clean energy set to come online. Once completed, these commitments will avoid over 15 million metric tons of CO2e annually - the equivalent of taking more than 3.4 million cars off the road each year. Additionally, Apple is investing directly in renewable energy projects to cover a portion of upstream emissions, as well as a major energy storage project in California to pilot new solutions for renewable infrastructure. Apple Environment (Look at the main points, clip) We don't pretend to have all the answers. What we do have are goals to strive for, and a global community of businesses committed to doing the right thing by people and the planet. Apple: 2021 Progress Report (Look at the main sections) 106 pgs Developing solutions to global challenges is never an easy journey, and it isn't one that can be undertaken alone. In a year like no other, Apple has continued to work with a global network of colleagues, companies, and advocates to further our efforts to make our environmental work a force for good in people's lives-and give the communities most impacted by climate change a seat at the table. In our current report, you'll find more detailed information about our efforts, how we measure our overall environmental footprint, and the progress we've made over the past year. ________________ Climate change is one of the greatest threats of our time, putting at risk people's access to clean air, adequate food, safe drinking water, and sanitation. This means the impact of the changes we make-improving energy efficiency and transitioning to renewable energy across our supply chain-extends beyond our factories, stores, and offices to benefit those who live in the communities where we operate. The future success of our company depends on taking urgent and decisive action. For years, we have increased energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy, yet we know we have to do more. That's why last year, we unveiled our most ambitious plan to date: to achieve carbon neutrality for the entire life cycle of our products by 2030. This goal places us 20 years ahead of the recommendations put forward by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change) calling for carbon neutrality as a planet by 2050. The science is clear: Our world cannot wait for an inclusive, carbon neutral economy. Every business has a responsibility to create a meaningful plan to reduce its emissions. Our goal and approach are informed by science. We focus on avoiding activities that generate carbon in the first place. And, wherever possible, we're switching to lower-carbon alternatives. In cases where emissions can't be avoided, we'll then remove the equivalent amount of carbon from the atmosphere. While we pursue viable solutions, we also align to the same carbon mitigation hierarchy in our strategy. It isn't the easiest approach, but it's the one science shows is necessary to address climate change. TED Talk: Apple's promise to become carbon neutral by 2030 (5+ min) Under the leadership of Lisa Jackson, Apple's environment and social VP and former head of the EPA, the company is already carbon neutral within their own corporate and retail boundaries. By 2030, Apple hopes to extend carbon neutrality to their supply chain and consumers. In conversation with urbanist and spatial justice activist Liz Ogbu, Jackson shares thoughts on leadership, tech, the environment and building a green economy. Motivation 1. Reduces Operational Cost 2. Provide Greener Investor Alternatives 3. Sustainable Operations - how product is designed, made, shipped, used, and recycled 4. Leadership - Reducing & Reversing Global Warming Causes 5. Leadership - Sustainable Global Economy This Just In: Apple adds more clean-energy suppliers on road to 2030 carbon neutral goal

Google Aims to Attain Zero Carbon Footprint Goal by 2030 Alphabet's Google division Google is steadily moving toward attaining its zero carbon goals by 2030. Reportedly, the company is planning to run its offices and data centers fully on carbon-free electricity by 2030. It aims to achieve the goal by utilizing renewable energy solely. Notably, Google's 61% of global hourly electricity consumption was generated from solar, wind and other renewable energies in 2019. Microsoft Joins The Corporate Race To Zero Carbon Microsoft joined the likes of Amazon, Apple, Tesla and other tech giants in a pledge to dramatically reduce its carbon footprint in the coming years. In fact, the company aims to achieve carbon negative status by 2030, meaning that it will remove more CO2 from the atmosphere than it pumps out over the course of normal business operations.

Key Megatrends Driving Businesses Towards a Zero Emission Future The urgency to address climate change is ever growing. Businesses are under increasing pressure from investors, legislators, customers, and employees to accelerate their strategic vision and map out a plan of tangible actions. The good news is the technology and know-how exist today to help businesses on their journey to a zero-carbon future. Partnering with organizations that have experience with their own sustainability journey can reduce risk and uncertainty for those that are hesitant to adopt digital solutions. Early adopters of technology have learned that the path towards a zero-emission future requires you to set goals, announce your targets, deploy custom efficiency programs and adjust where necessary - it's a non-linear and collaborative process that takes time, resources and people to get right. Certified B Corporations Certified B Corporations are a new kind of business that balances purpose and profit. They are legally required to consider the impact of their decisions on their workers, customers, suppliers, community, and the environment. This is a community of leaders, driving a global movement of people using business as a force for good. 500+ B Corps Commit to Net Zero by 2030 As the UN Climate Change Conference, COP25, is underway in Madrid, over 500 companies are publicly committing today to accelerate the reduction of their greenhouse gas emissions to reach a 1.5 degree trajectory leading to net zero by the year 2030-20 years ahead of the 2050 targets set in the Paris Agreement. These companies are part of the global community of Certified B Corporations, businesses that meet the highest verified standards of social and environmental performance, transparency, and legal accountability. There are over 3,000 B Corps in the world, hailing from more than 70 countries and 150 industries, harnessing the power of business to solve major social and environmental challenges facing the world today, including the climate crisis. This commitment to significant carbon reduction leading to a net zero future by 2030 is part of the most accelerated climate action effort by as large a constituency of businesses in the world. It demonstrates true leadership in a time of severe environmental and economic unrest and uncertainty. Below is the full statement issued by the Certified B Corporation community outlining their commitments, as well as quotes from leaders within the community. The full list of companies committed to net zero by 2030 is also listed below.