Copernicus to the Big Bang - Isaac Newton

http://edu-observatory.org/olli/C2BB/Week3.html

Isaac Newton (1642-1727) discovered (and showed mathematically) that objects in free fall (such as planets influenced by a central force like the Sun's gravity) follow the paths of conic sections. The task of deducing all three of Kepler's laws from Newton's universal law of gravitation is known as the Kepler problem. Its solution is one of the crowning achievements of Western thought. Episode 22: The Kepler Problem - The Mechanical Universe 28:30 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0tSmY4fn5xY Newton's Laws Of Motion https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newton%27s_laws_of_motion Newton's Law Of Universal Gravitation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newton%27s_law_of_universal_gravitationNewton's Gift: How Sir Isaac Newton Unlocked the System of the Worldby David Berlinski Free Press, March 2002 ISBN-10: 0743217764 https://www.amazon.com/Newtons-Gift-Newton-Unlocked-System/dp/0743217764 Sir Isaac Newton, creator of the first and perhaps most important scientific theory, is a giant of the scientific era. Despite this, he has remained inaccessible to most modern readers, indisputably great but undeniably remote. In this witty, engaging, and often moving examination of Newton's life, David Berlinski recovers the man behind the mathematical breakthroughs. The story carries the reader from Newton's unremarkable childhood to his awkward undergraduate days at Cambridge through the astonishing year in which, working alone, he laid the foundation for his system of the world, his Principia Mathematica, and to the subsequent monumental feuds that poisoned his soul and wearied his supporters. An edifying appreciation of Newton's greatest accomplishment, Newton's Gift is also a touching celebration of a transcendent man.Newton's Principia for the Common Readerby S. Chandrasekhar Clarendon Press, Oxford, July 1995 ISBN-10: 0198517440 http://www.amazon.com/dp/019852675X https://www.amazon.com/Newtons-Principia-Common-Reader-Physics/dp/0198517440 Quoting from "Great Physicists: The life and times of leading physicists from Galileo to Hawking:" by William H Cropper. "For his final study, Chandra chose a remarkable subject--Isaac Newton. Chandra was a student of science history and biography, and he had a wide acquaintance among his contemporaries in physics and astrophysics. But for him one scientist stood above all those of the past and present, and that was Newton. He decided to pay homage to Newton, and try to fathom his genius, by translating "for the common reader" the parts of Newton's Principia that led to the formulation of the gravitational law. "Newton relied on the geometrical arguments that are all but incomprehensible to a modern audience. To make them more accessible, Chandra restated Newton's proofs in the now conventional mathematical languages of algebra and calculus. His method was to construct first his own proof for a proposition and then to compare it with Newton's version. "The experience was a sobering one," he writes. "Each time, I was left in sheer wonder at the elegance, the careful arrangement, the imperial style, the incredible originality, and above all the astonishing lightness of Newton's proofs, and each time I felt like a schoolboy admonished by the master." sam.wormley@gmail.com