Copernicus to the Big Bang -
Galileo Galilei

Quoting from my dad's old college General Physics book written
in the early 1900s, "What we may properly call the birth of
modern physics, however, dates from Galileo (1564-1642), one
of the most remarkable men who ever lived. More than any one
of his predecessors or contemporaries he introduced
'controlled experiment' as a means of gaining knowledge of

Galileo Galilei

Episode 4: Inertia - The Mechanical Universe   28+ min

Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences
by Galileo Galilei and Stephen Hawking
Running Press, January 2005 
ISBN-13: 9780762420155
ISBN-10: 0762420154

  This installment in our On the Shoulders of Giants series
  presents the provocative essay by Galileo Galilei
  (1564-1642) in its entirety. Famed for its unapologetic
  support of Copernicus's theory and subsequent proof that the
  earth did indeed revolve around the sun (and not vice
  versa), Galileo's essay engendered great controversy when it
  was published, as well as heated opposition from the Church.
  The first work to outwardly challenge the established
  authority of religion, Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences
  set the standard for all future scientists faced with the
  conflict of science and religion. In this text, readers will
  also find an illuminating biography of the father of modern
  physics, and an introduction by modern-day physics superstar
  Stephen Hawking.

Starry Messenger
by Galileo Galilei

  On a beautiful and clear evening in the early winter of
  1609, Galileo Galilei trained his telescope on the
  illuminated surface of the moon and recognized something
  that no man had ever noted before...  So begins this
  fascinating and authoritative account of the little book
  that Galileo published in 1610, and that caused such a great
  clamor. (It still does, even today.) For here was something
  so revolutionary, it was scary: actual proof, thanks to
  Galileo's nightly notes of what he saw through his
  newfangled telescope, that the earth was not the center of
  the universe.

  Thanks to the Library of Congress, Levenger Press brings you
  a full-size and true-color facsimile of that book, The
  Starry Messenger, from one of the rare copies with fully
  intact pages. Along with it is the definitive translation,
  plus essays from six of the world's great Galileo scholars:
  Owen Gingerich, John W. Hessler, Peter Machamer, David
  Marshall Miller, Paul Needham and Eileen Reeves. This
  Levenger Press limited edition of The Starry Messenger (in
  Latin, the title is Sidereus nuncius) gives you fascinating
  back stories not found anywhere else. Not only is there the
  story of Galileo's eventual house arrest for writing such
  heresy, but there's also the modern-day story of how the
  Library of Congress came to find--and then authenticate--the
  rare untrimmed version of the book whose pages you will see.
  What Galileo did in his little book of moons and stars was
  to bring science out of the shadows and into the clear and
  rational light of modern day.