Voyages of Discovery: Copernicus to the Big Bang                

  Quoting from my dad's old college General Physics book written in the
  early 1900s, "What we may properly call the birth of modern physics,
  however, dates from Galileo (1564-1642), one of the most remarkable
  men who ever lived. More than any one of his predecessors or
  contemporaries he introduced 'controlled experiment' as a means of
  gaining knowledge of nature". 

  Similarly Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) discovered his laws of
  planetary motion and is widely acknowledged as the "Father of Modern
  Physics" for his use of observational data (mostly Brahe's) and the
  application of mathematical modeling to astronomical data.

  Tycho and Kepler: The Unlikely Partnership That Forever Changed Our 
  Understanding of the Heavens  by Kitty Ferguson

  Tycho Brahe

  Tycho Brahe's Instruments

  The Mechanical Universe - MU-21  "Kepler's Three Laws" 28:30

  Cosmos #3 Harmony of the Worlds 18:00

  Johannes Kepler: His Life, His Laws and Times

  Galileo Galilei

  On the Shoulders of Giants by Steven Hawking