Managing Your Digital Stuff - Passwords
http://edu-observatory.org/olli/Manage/Passwords.html



A password for an online account resides with the organization
providing the account. You have to login into that account to
access information, make purchases, etc., and to change the
password.

How you remember passwords is a huge problem. Using a password
manager (to remember the usernames & passwords) is the best 
solution. Where available, use passkeys instead of passwords.

The password or passcode for a computer, smart phone, or
tablet resides only in the device(s) and nowhere else.





PASSWORDS https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Password Creating Strong Passwords https://ssd.eff.org/en/module/creating-strong-passwords How to: Enable Two-factor Authentication https://ssd.eff.org/en/module/how-enable-two-factor-authentication Using Password Managers to Stay Safe Online https://ssd.eff.org/en/module/animated-overview-using-password-managers-stay-safe-online Check if your Password has been compromised in a data breach https://haveibeenpwned.com https://haveibeenpwned.com/Passwords https://www.securemac.com/news/the-securemac-interview-troy-hunt-on-data-breaches Many Password Managers flag account passwords that are weak or have been compromise. Check regularly. Change the password on any compromised account. New paswords should be unique, long, and preferable randomly generated.

Some Popular Password Managers 1Password https://1password.com Lastpass https://www.lastpass.com Apple's Keychain https://support.apple.com/guide/keychain-access/welcome/mac https://support.apple.com/guide/keychain-access/what-is-keychain-access-kyca1083/mac https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT204085 Apple's Password Manager, Keychain, alerts users if their passwords have been exposed online.

Recovering Forgotten Wi-Fi Password Wi-Fi Password Recovery on Windows 1. Click the Start button and then go to Control Panel > Network and Internet > Network and Sharing Center (Windows 11) or Settings > Network & Internet > Status > Network and Sharing Center (Windows 10). 2. Next to Connections, click your Wi-Fi network name highlighted in blue. 3. In the Wi-Fi Status page that opens, click Wireless Properties and then on the Security tab. 4. Finally, check the box next to Show characters to display your Wi-Fi network password above it. Wi-Fi Password Recovery on a Mac Password (Wi-Fi) recovery from the Mac Terminal security find-generic-password -ga "SSID" | grep "password:" Password (Wi-Fi) recovery from Keychain Access.app Finder > Applications > Utilities > Keychain Access.app System Double Click SSID of interest Username echo $LOGNAME  

Forgotten Apple ID, Login, or Passcode Forgot Apple ID Password https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT201487 https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT201355 Forgot macOS Computer Password https://support.apple.com/guide/mac-help/reset-your-mac-login-password-mh35902/mac https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT212190 Apple silicon: Turn on your Mac and continue to press and hold the power button until you see the startup options window. Select the gear icon labeled Options, then click Continue. Intel processor: Turn on your Mac and immediately press and hold Command-R until you see an Apple logo or other image. Forgot passcode for your iPhone, iPad, or iPod-touch https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT204306 sam.wormley@gmail.com