A password for an online account resides with the organization
providing the account. You have to login into that account to
access information, make purchases, etc., and to change the
How you remember passwords is a huge problem. Using a password
manager (to remember the usernames & passwords) is the best
solution. Where available, use passkeys instead of passwords.
The password or passcode for a computer, smart phone, or
tablet resides only in the device(s) and nowhere else.
Creating Strong Passwords
How to: Enable Two-factor Authentication
Using Password Managers to Stay Safe Online
Check if your Password has been compromised in a data breach
Many Password Managers flag account passwords that are weak
or have been compromise. Check regularly.
Change the password on any compromised account. New paswords
should be unique, long, and preferable randomly generated.
Some Popular Password Managers
Apple's Password Manager, Keychain, alerts users if their
passwords have been exposed online.
Recovering Forgotten Wi-Fi Password
Wi-Fi Password Recovery on Windows
1. Click the Start button and then go to Control Panel >
Network and Internet > Network and Sharing Center (Windows
11) or Settings > Network & Internet > Status > Network and
Sharing Center (Windows 10).
2. Next to Connections, click your Wi-Fi network name
highlighted in blue.
3. In the Wi-Fi Status page that opens, click Wireless
Properties and then on the Security tab.
4. Finally, check the box next to Show characters to display
your Wi-Fi network password above it.
Wi-Fi Password Recovery on a Mac
Password (Wi-Fi) recovery from the Mac Terminal
security find-generic-password -ga "SSID" | grep "password:"
Password (Wi-Fi) recovery from Keychain Access.app
Finder > Applications > Utilities > Keychain Access.app
Double Click SSID of interest
Forgotten Apple ID, Login, or Passcode
Forgot Apple ID Password
Forgot macOS Computer Password
Apple silicon: Turn on your Mac and continue to press and
hold the power button until you see the startup options
window. Select the gear icon labeled Options, then click
Intel processor: Turn on your Mac and immediately press and
hold Command-R until you see an Apple logo or other image.
Forgot passcode for your iPhone, iPad, or iPod-touch