Managing Your Digital Stuff - Passwords

A password for an online account resides with the organization
providing the account. You have to login into that account to
access information, make purchases, etc., and to change the

  1. Account (often accessed via a website)
  2. Username (often one's email address)
  3. Password
  4. Many institutions offer a temporary secondary 
     authentication code
If you write down passwords, you need to write down 1,2, and 3
together. However, if you use a password manager (highly
recommended), you don't need to write down the information.  

Remembering passwords is a huge problem. Using a password
manager (to remember the websites, usernames, and passwords)
is the best solution. 

The passwords or passcodes for a computers, smart phones, or
tablets resides only in those devices and nowhere else.
These you need to have in your head. All others in a password

Account passwords should be unique, long (20 characters), 
randomly generated, and stored in a password manager. 

Where available, use passkeys instead of passwords.

PASSWORDS Creating Strong Passwords How to: Enable Two-factor Authentication Using Password Managers to Stay Safe Online Animated Overview: Using Password Managers to Stay Safe Online (2+ min) Password Security Recommendations The Password AutoFill passwords list in iOS, iPadOS, and macOS indicates which of a user's saved passwords will be reused with other websites, passwords that are considered weak, and passwords that have been compromised by a data leak. Change weak or compromised passwords on iPhone, iPad, or Mac Your device may also inform you of passwords that may have been compromised in a data leak. This feature uses strong cryptographic techniques to regularly check derivations of your passwords against a list of leaked passwords in a secure and private way that doesn't reveal to Apple your accounts or passwords. Apple will send to your device a list of common passwords that are present in data leaks. For your passwords that are not in this list, your device will send information calculated from your passwords to Apple to check if the passwords may be present in a data leak. You will be warned about your passwords determined to possibly be in a data leak. Check if your Password has been compromised in a data breach Many Password Managers flag account passwords that are weak or have been compromise. Check regularly. Change the password on any compromised account. Passwords should be unique, long (20 characters), randomly generated, and stored in a password manager.

Some Popular Password Managers 1Password Apple's Keychain (not in the cloud, but on your Apple devices) Apple's Password Manager, Keychain, alerts users if their passwords have been exposed online. How to find saved passwords and passkeys on your iPhone Apple: Sharing Passwords and Passkeys

Passwords You Should Know in your Head 1. Computer's Login (and administrator's) Password 2. Mobile Devices (phones, tablets. watches) Passcodes 3. Apple ID Password Pretty much everything else is in your password manager which takes care of all those long, unique, and randomly gererated passords and passcode you don't need to worry about.

Recovering Forgotten Wi-Fi Password Wi-Fi Password Recovery on Windows 1. Click the Start button and then go to Control Panel > Network and Internet > Network and Sharing Center (Windows 11) or Settings > Network & Internet > Status > Network and Sharing Center (Windows 10). 2. Next to Connections, click your Wi-Fi network name highlighted in blue. 3. In the Wi-Fi Status page that opens, click Wireless Properties and then on the Security tab. 4. Finally, check the box next to Show characters to display your Wi-Fi network password above it. Wi-Fi Password Recovery on a Mac System Settings > Wi-Fi Click on the Circle with three dots Copy Password Wi-Fi Password Recovery on a iPhone/iPad System Settings > Wi-Fi Touch the Circle with an i Touch the dots  

Forgot? Forgot Apple ID Password, Login Password, or Passcode Forgot macOS Computer Password Apple silicon: Turn on your Mac and continue to press and hold the power button until you see the startup options window. Select the gear icon labeled Options, then click Continue. Intel processor: Turn on your Mac and immediately press and hold Command-R until you see an Apple logo or other image. Forgot passcode for your iPhone, iPad, or iPod-touch Forget your WiFi password If you are connected to the WiFi on your iPhone (iOS 16 or later) goto Settings > WiFi > Touch the WiFi name (SSID) or the circle with the "i", then touch the password dots. Ta da